The system of the somatic nerve (SNS) is a key function in initiating and directing nearly all movements that are voluntary in the body. Somatic nervous system being a part of the peripheral nervous system, they both operate the autonomic nervous system although they both works in different ways.
While the ANS regulates auto-pilot activities, such as breath and heart rate which don’t require conscious thinking The SNS controls the majority of conscious actions of the body.
Mainly, SNS is responsible for transmitting signals among brain and spinal cord. SNS is to send signals between muscles and the brain, as well as the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) to regulate the body’s voluntary movements and reflexes.
Somatic v/s autonomic Nervous Systems
The autonomic and somatic nervous systems form a part of the peripheral nervous system that allows the brain as well as a spinal cord to receive and transmit information to other parts of the body. But, they serve different duties.
The autonomic nervous system regulates a range of body functions that occur, such as blood flow, heartbeat and breathing, body temperature, and emotion responses.
The principal purpose of the somatic nervous system is to link to the nervous system central with the muscles of the body to regulate the body’s voluntary movements and reflex arcs.
Consider you are on run in the park in winter morning. While you’re running you notice the slick ice patch along the way. Your eyes spots the ice and this data is transmitted to the brain. The brain then transmits signals to your muscles and triggers them to move.
Diseases of the Somatic Nervous System
Somatic nervous system illnesses can affect peripheral nerves not connected to the spinal cord and brain. Conditions that affect the peripheral nerve fibres that make up the somatic nervous system may result in peripheral neuropathy. Usually, pain, numbness, and weakness in the hands and feet responsible for the nerve damage.
The reasons for damage to peripheral nerves that are part of the system of somatics can be caused by the conditions that are present at birth, as well as acquired disorders.
Diabetes is among the most frequent reasons for peripheral neuropathy however, it can result from autoimmune disorders as well as infectious diseases and injuries.
Other forms of somatic nervous system disorders include:
- Brachial plexus neuropathies
- Guillain-Barre syndrome
- Myasthenia gravis
- Nerve compression syndromes
- Trigeminal neuralgia
Since the SNS is the one responsible for receiving sensory information as well as motor movements, signs related to the system’s dysfunction are numbness, muscle weakness, and even pain.
Diabetes is the most frequent reason for neuropathy in the PNS however, damage could be caused by inflammation, autoimmune diseases or trauma. The nerves that are damaged by trauma can alter the function of the efferent and afferent routes of SNS.
Many of the diseases that are involved in motor and sensory control result from as a result of an imbalance in either the CNS, PNS, or the muscle itself. Because of the wide range of functions that are covered by the SNS and PNS, these conditions can be either limited to a particular area of the body, or could be widespread and generalized.
Certain conditions may be caused by problems with the axons that connect neuronal cells (axonal neuropathy) or result from problems with the myelin sheath (demyelinating neuropathy) which is the protective layer of neurons
Motor neuron diseases are the result of the demise of neurons, which makes it a neurodegenerative disorder. In time, the muscles of those with the disease will weaken and cause reduction in function.
The disease of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is auto-immune disease that causes the degeneration and degeneration of the nerves that supply peripheral areas, which results in a range of motor and sensory problems.
Treatment of Somatic Symptom Disorders
Patients suffering from SSD might hold to the idea that their symptoms stem from an origin in the physical, despite the absence of evidence to support an explanation that is physical. If it is a medical issue that is causing the symptoms, they might not realize that the amount of stress they’re experiencing or showing is too much.
A solid doctor-patient relationship are essential in obtaining help for SSD. Only one health healthcare specialist who has experience in dealing with SSD can cut down on the needless tests and treatments.
The primary focus of treatment is improving the quality of life, not the management of symptoms. Reduced stress is usually essential to getting better. Counselling your family and friends can also be beneficial.
Cognitive behavioural therapy could assist in relieving symptoms caused by SSD. The therapy is focused on correcting:
- The thoughts are blurred.
- Unrealistic notions
- These behaviours feed into an anxiety
There are so many approved and trusted medications available in the market. Among these Pain o soma is one of the pills used for treating somatic nervous system disorders. This medication is available in different dosages like Pain o soma 350mg and Pain o soma 500mg. After undergo through your current medical condition, doctor will suggest you Pain o soma dosage.